New Strategies for Defending Against Deepfake Threats

The National Security Agency (NSA) and its federal agency partners have recently published a comprehensive guide on deepfakes, a growing synthetic media threat that poses significant challenges to national security. This joint effort aims to help organizations identify, defend against, and respond to deepfake threats effectively.

Deepfakes are multimedia materials that have been artificially created or manipulated using advanced machine learning technologies. These techniques enable cyber actors to generate authentic-looking but entirely fabricated media, including videos, images, and audio recordings. The ease and widespread availability of these tools have made deepfakes a serious concern for various sectors, ranging from national security systems to defense organizations and critical infrastructure providers.

The Cybersecurity Information Sheet (CSI) titled “Contextualizing Deepfake Threats to Organizations” provides practical recommendations and strategies to counter deepfake attacks. The guidance, developed by the NSA in collaboration with the FBI and the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), emphasizes the importance of implementing real-time verification capabilities, passive detection techniques, and protective measures for high-ranking officials and their communications.

To minimize the impact of deepfakes, the report suggests organizations engage in proactive measures such as information sharing, planning and rehearsing responses to exploitation attempts, and comprehensive personnel training. By raising awareness and fostering a culture of preparedness, organizations can enhance their resilience against deepfake threats.

Deepfakes not only endanger the reputation and financial stability of organizations but also have the potential to create public unrest by disseminating false information on critical issues. The ongoing technological advancements in computational power and deep learning have made it increasingly easier and cheaper to produce sophisticated deepfake content. Open-source repositories like GitHub have made deep learning-based algorithms readily available to anyone, regardless of technical expertise, thereby amplifying the risk posed by these technologies.

Recognizing the gravity of the situation, the NSA, FBI, and CISA strongly encourage security professionals to adopt the strategies outlined in the report. By embracing proactive defense mechanisms and remaining vigilant against the growing threat of deepfakes, organizations can safeguard their integrity, protect their networks, and mitigate potential harm to national security.


Q: What are deepfakes?
A: Deepfakes are synthetic media materials that have been artificially generated or manipulated using advanced machine learning techniques.

Q: How do deepfakes pose a threat?
A: Deepfakes can be used to deceive individuals, impersonate leaders, and spread false information, potentially causing reputational damage, financial harm, and public unrest.

Q: How can organizations defend against deepfake threats?
A: Organizations should implement real-time verification capabilities, passive detection techniques, and protective measures for high-ranking officials and their communications. They should also engage in information sharing, response planning, and personnel training to minimize the impact of deepfakes.

Q: Why are deepfakes becoming more problematic?
A: Technological advancements have made deepfake creation more accessible and affordable, allowing anyone with minimal technical skill to produce convincing synthetic media content.